Chkalovsk is a regional city in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast of Russia, the administrative center of Chkalovsk Region. Known since the XII century as Vasilyeva Sloboda, it was renamed Chkalovsk in 1937 after V.P. Chkalov, the famous Russian pilot, who participated in the first non-stop flight from Moscow to Vancouver, WA (USA) via the North Pole. The memorial Chkalov museum is located here.